Something we have been dealing with a lot lately in town is apple tree branch failure. Branches, large and small, are breaking under the weight of abnormally abundant apple production this year.
Last year with multiple late frosts, apple and other fruit trees did not produce much fruit. Though this is a common problem in the early flowering Apricot trees in town it is not nearly as common in apple trees. As a result the energy required to produce fruit was stored in the roots throughout all of last growing season. This led to a major increase in growth, which in turn has led to a hefty increase in fruit production this season. So much production that branches are breaking under the strain of fruit weight.
There are a few solutions to this problem. The first and easiest is to simply shake fruit heavy branches or use a long pole to gently knock the fruit off of the branches. This will greatly reduce strain. Although it is messy and will require a fair amount of clean up it is necessary for the health and well being of your fruit trees. An added benefit is that the remaining fruit will have less competition and will be larger and of higher quality. Another solution is pruning. Many customers that we speak to think that fruit tree pruning is something that can only happen in the winter time. While there are merits to this way of thinking, it is our experience that fruit trees can safely and successfully be pruned in the summer time as well. Cuts will actively heal during the time period that the tree is not dormant. Small cuts will completely heal over in a fraction of the time it would take during dormancy. As there is not many diseases outside of Fire Blight that attack apple trees in Durango, disease transfer risk can be mitigated with regular cleaning of all cutting tools. Taking these precautionary measures we can prune your fruit trees in the summer time and address the issue of over fruiting as well as any other structural problems.
It is a case of too much of a good thing becoming a bad thing. Take a look at your fruit trees and see if they could benefit from some weight reduction. Your tree will thank you with higher quality fruit and a full and healthy canopy free of large tear outs.
We talked to a lot of people this weekend at the Durango Home and Ranch show. Two topics stuck out, why are my Aspen trees dying and what to do about the intense drought that we are facing. The reasons why Aspen's struggle as a landscape tree and why they are on the City of Durango's list of trees NOT to plant is the subject of another blog post / rant. The issue of the drought, however, is something that is and will continue to affect all of us in the southwest. Knowing what trees you have and what their water requirements are is the first step. Native species like Ponderosa Pine, Pinon Pine, and Juniper need little to no supplemental watering as they are well adapted to deal with drought. Trees such as Weeping and Navajo Willow as well as the few common species of Cottonwood in our area require more water. As a general rule deciduous trees require more watering as their leaves are more susceptible to evaporation and heat than their needled cousins with more water efficient adaptions. So the question is : How do i make sure my trees are getting the water they need, without spending a fortune? A simple answer is, Mulch.
The reason that mulch is such a good thing is that it retains water, keeps the soil underneath and more consistent temperature, and breaks down into the soil, thus improving soil quality. There are many ways to efficiently deliver water to your trees and their root zones, ie. drip irrigation systems. However, mulch is the easiest and most cost effective way to make the most out of any water that falls naturally as well as supplemental water applied by you. Ideally mulch would cover an area equal to the drip line of your tree, meaning as far out as the widest branches. Many times this isn't a feasible option if you have a large tree and do not want your entire yard to be mulch. Keep in mind that this is the ideal situation and concessions can be made to suit your landscape design. The layer of mulch should never exceed 4 inches as that would reduce the soil - oxygen interaction that roots need to thrive. Furthermore, mulch should not be touching the trunk of the tree as that could lead to too much moisture on the trunk which may breed certain molds or fungi. There are many types of mulch available that serve those purposes, but with different levels of effectiveness.
The best mulch that you can put down to accomplish the three tasks above is general arborist mulch. This is all of the byproduct of pruning and removal operations by local arborist companies such as Deep Roots Tree Care. This mulch is generally available from your local nurseries as well as directly from the companies themselves. We do sell mulch, so I realize that my opinion here may seem biased. However, arborist mulch contains more organic material such as leaves that speed up the composting process of the mulch, causing it to break down and incorporate into your soil faster. While there is some nitrogen leeching that occurs during this process, it is returned to the soil as the mulch composts and has not been shown to have any dramatic affects on the growth of trees. Arborist mulch is usually the cheapest mulch available as well. Aesthetically it is not always uniform in size of chip or in color, so if those are of major concern a more expensive prepared mulch might be a better option. We see a lot of bark mulches made from ceder bark or pine bark. These are prized by landscapers for their uniform good looks as well as good smell. Tree bark is made of lignin, and its job is to keep moisture and other bad things away from the the sapwood and heartwood of the tree. Mulch made from tree bark does not break down as fast as arborist mulch so it is possible to wait longer before the need for re-application. However, during this time it gets matted down and, because its bark, creates a moisture barrier to the ground. Instead of soaking up water it sheds water. If you choose to use bark mulch is it imperative to "fluff" it to prevent this from happening. Talk to your local arborist or your local nurseries and decide which mulch works best for you and your specific needs.
So get out there, spread some mulch and spread the word!
Tree removal is what most people think of when they think of arborist's or tree services. Bearded woodsman with giant two man crosscut saws, cutting down trees for lumber. While I'm sure that someone somewhere is still doing that, it is a far cry from the tree care services that our company, as well as others, provide. Tree removal is indeed one of the services that we provide, but it is one of many.
The decision to remove one or more of your trees should not be one taken lightly. It is important to consider the many benefits of leaving said tree or trees. They provide shade, which in turn cuts cooling costs in your home during the hot summer months. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, helping keep the air clean in our communities. Trees in certain areas act as a wind and sound block. Studies have shown that there is a correlation between the presence of large trees and a decrease in crime. The list goes on and on. However, sometimes it is necessary to remove a tree. Putting on and addition, or building a garage? Construction can dramatically affect trees, warranting their removal even if they are not directly in the way. Sometimes trees need to be removed for safety concerns. It is important to have an arborist perform a risk assessment examination when there is a concern for the safety of either life or property. Removing these hazard trees is crucial to prevent a failure that could potentially cause harm and make people question the value of their trees. Another good reason for tree removal is to enhance the overall health of other trees on your property. Sometimes trees are planted too close together or volunteers have sprung up and created a lot of competition between trees. When many trees compete for sunlight they tend to grow too tall too fast. It is important to create room for trees to grow and develop structurally enough to support themselves.
So next time you find yourself cursing all of the leaves you have to rake up each fall, stop and think about what benefits that tree is providing you. Take your time with your decision making, the tree has certainly taken a lot of time to grow into the beautiful and beneficial thing that it is.
Spring time can be a great time to prune your trees. However, timing is everything in this regard. Due to an unusually warm and dry winter the trees in Durango and the surrounding area are already starting to experience bud swell. This is the initial stages of leafing out, or starting to wake up out of dormancy. These new buds are sensitive to late frosts that can damage them and cause stress to your trees. Young trees still working to get established and fruit trees are most likely to be affected. A late frost on flowering fruit trees can result in a loss of fruit production. This may be advantageous to some as the bear problem in our area is increasingly becoming a major issue. However, covering smaller trees before a late frost can help protect their fragile flowers and buds leading to healthier trees and a heartier backyard harvest. Although major pruning is not recommended during this early stage of spring work still can be done. Without leaves on the trees it is much easier to see branch structure and identify any problems there. Branches that have rot or are rubbing or have any cracking can easily be identified at this time. It is also a good time to spread mulch around the base of trees to maximize moisture retention from any rain or watering that is done. Just like your mountain bike, your trees need a little maintenance before a long season!
Coming into our fourth year as a company I am looking back on our progress. Hundreds of trees pruned, many trees removed, lots of clients old and new, and a fair share of mechanical issues. The sum of all this being, growth. Each tree we prune we grow our skill in climbing and decisions making, in pruning cuts and anchor points. Each removal we hone our skills in lowering large pieces of wood safely and efficiently. Each tree we plant we grow our appreciation for the cycle of life, for the majesty of the slow and constant progress of a sapling into a giant. It is the slow growth of trees that we have modeled our business after. The juniper tree grows slowly, often under adverse conditions. It takes its time and because of this grows strong and hardy. As a business we are growing slowly and carefully, taking our time to settle our roots deep and solid. Each year we grow a new ring around us, strengthened by the lessons we have learned.